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What are the most common side effects of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy?

Surgery: postoperatively swelling and inflammation is not rare, but generally, surgery is well tolerated.
Radiation: side effects are dependent on applied dose and size of the field as well as the location. The most common side effect is a sunburn-like irritiation of the skin in the irradiated area which resolves within about 2-3 weeks, and hair loss with regrowing in a different colour.
We don't observe hair loss in pets submitted to chemotherapy. Some breeds like Poodles, Bobtail or Terrier are likely to respond with a change in haircoat. Vomiting and diarrhea are possible, but, if present, usually mild and short-lived. These side effects can be easily treated.